Positive ageing: Ageing well for self and for others
主讲人：Ng Sik Hung (伍锡洪教授)
The positive ageing model builds on successful ageing research and takes into account certain Chinese values concerning intergenerational and life-long goals. It proposes that humans are able to age well for self and for others, which is a life-long process that involves medical health, psychological functioning, caring for others, and contributing to family and society. The factorial structure of this 4-factor model of ageing was confirmed by data collected from middle-aged and older adults in Hong Kong (n=2,970), and replicated a year later by the same sample (n=2,120). The theoretical focus was to explain ageing well in terms of psychological (sense of humour) and social network (quality and size of亚 network) variables. Results from a near-random sample of over 1,000 people (15-79 years) in Hong Kong showed that humour and social network quality enhanced the success of ageing on all four factors, whereas social network size produced mixed effects. The model poses wider questions for gerontological research and policy. It opposes the ageist assumption of equating ageing with dependence and deficit, questions the capability of families in providing elderly care, and attempts to rediscover what it means to be a Chinese in modern times.
Professor Ng was a former Professor and Head of the Department of Psychology, Victoria University; and Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong. He has published four books and over 120 international journal papers on social psychology and its applications to power, language and communication, culture and values, and ageing. He co-founded the New Zealand Institute for Research on Aging, and was the President of the International Association of Language and Social Psychology (2004-2006) and the Asian Association of Social Psychology (2007-2009). In his public services to the Hong Kong SAR Government, he served as a member of the Provisional Minimum Wage Commission to set up the statutory minimum wage, as well as a consultant (part-time) of the Central Policy Unit. He was elected a national academician of New Zealand (新西兰皇家学院院士) and awarded the Life-long Achievement Award by the Asian Association of Social Psychology (亚洲社会心理学会终身成就奖).